Hybrid actions are adaptation interventions which combine engineered, nature-based and/or indirect actions. Key examples that combine engineered and nature-based actions include integrated coastal zone management and climate smart agriculture (e.g. local irrigation schemes, drought tolerant or resilient seed varieties). Resilient water infrastructure, meanwhile, combines engineered and indirect measures (e.g. dams, irrigation schemes, upgraded embankments, etc). Scroll down to explore the types of hybrid measures included in the NDCs and how their inclusion varies by region and vulnerability to climate change.
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